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Europe and Central Asia

Editors Pick (48)
Perceptions of corruption in Sweden Sweden is consistently ranked among global indices as one of the least corrupt countries in the world. However, there is little research on perceptions of corruption in low risk countries. This paper explores perceptions of corruption in Sweden in order to fill this knowledge gap with a focus on how citizens define corruption, moral judgments on corruption, and the perceived spread of corruption. Read More...
Inspiration, Coalition, and Substitution: External Influences on Postcommunist Transformations Jacoby reviews several studies on the effects of external influences on institutional reforms in postcommunist societies. He argues that outsiders do best when they act as the glue that binds together the domestic players that share their reform preferences. This finding has substantial relevance for governance reformers and analysts. It helps critically consider bounded, but actionable expectations about external actors’ means and potential. Read More...
The Civil Law Consequences of Corruption This book views the fight against corruption through the lens of civil law and initiates a discussion on how its instruments can contribute. International organizations and national laws have so far chosen criminal law as their primary weapon when dealing with corrupt cases. Nonetheless, the deterrent effect of criminal law has its limitations; only a limited number of cases end up before criminal courts whereas criminal sanctions may not adequately deter the payment of bribes that promise lucrative gains. Read More...
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Datasets (5)
Business Environment and Enterprise Performance Survey (BEEPS) The European Bank for Reconstruction and Development and the World Bank Group provide survey data about the ‘business environment’ in 27 Central European and Post-Soviet countries and Turkey. The questions - answered by domestic firms - focus on issues such as: business regulation, taxation, law and order, the judiciary, infrastructure and public administration corruption. Data is availble for years 1999, 2002 and 2005. Read More...
World Development Indicators 2011 The primary World Bank collection of development indicators, compiled from officially-recognized international sources, the World Development Indicators (WDI) is the World Bank's flagship statistical publication and establishes the benchmark against which development progress is measured. This 15th edition of WDI in its current format, aims to provide relevant, high-quality, internationally comparable statistics about development and the quality of people’s lives around the globe. It focuses on the impact of the decision to make data freely available under an open license and with better online tools. The section introductions discuss key issues in measuring the economic and social phenomena described in the tables and charts and introduce new sources of data. It includes more than 900 indicators in more than 90 tables organized in 6 sections: World View, People, Environment, Economy, States and Markets, and Global Links. The data includes national, regional and global estimates. Read More...
The Russia Longitudinal Monitoring Survey - Higher School of Economics 'The Russia Longitudinal Monitoring Survey (RLMS) is a series of nationally representative surveys designed to monitor the effects of Russian reforms on the health and economic welfare of households and individuals in the Russian Federation. These effects are measured by a variety of means: detailed monitoring of individuals' health status and dietary intake, precise measurement of household-level expenditures and service utilization, and collection of relevant community-level data, including region-specific prices and community infrastructure data. Data have been collected 18 times since 1992.' This longitudinal survey could become a valuable source of information for researchers working on the problems of petty corruption in healthcare in Russia. The section 'Medical services' of the Adult Questionannaire in almost all the waves of the survey includes a big range of questions on informal payments for healthcare. Read More...
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