- Key Research Articles (8)
IGEPM: A Proposal for a Military Electronic-Governance Index
This paper proposed an index on whose basis citizens and media can evaluate the quality of
electronic-governance applied to the Armed Forces. It can serve as a social control instrument
to be assessed by the population and media and is based on their observations of content
disposed in the military internet sites.
Posted at May 28, 2014 11:15 AM
Book Review: Party Patronage and Party Government in European Democracies
Is Party Patronage still relevant in Contemporary Europe? A comparative research on patterns of public employment in 15 EU member states. Who, Why, and Where selection of bureaucratic personnel is ruled by patronage.
Posted at Jul 30, 2013 09:02 PM
Identifying Corruption Risks in Defence and Security:Empirical Evidence Using the Government Defence Anti-Corruption Index
This Working Paper by Oliver Cover and Saad Mustafa raises the question of using of sector specific typologies for better conceptualizing corruption. Through comparing data from the corruption risks typology and indicators developed for Transparency International UK’s Defence and Security Programme, the authors ask whether analysing these elements compiled with the help of practitioners helps better understanding the concept of corruption in the defence sector than theoretical debates.
Posted at Jul 26, 2013 05:42 PM
New issue of the ACRN Quarterly!
Do you want to find out about the latest in corruption research? Check out the new issue of our Anti-Corruption Research Network Quarterly .
Posted at May 12, 2013 02:29 PM
‘Mentalities of corruption and public service in early modern England’
This paper examines attitudes, or “mentalities”, towards corruption in early modern England. Graham argues that modern definitions of corruption as transgression and contrary to public good are not necessarily applicable to England in the period before 1830. Indeed in the era of state formation 1660-1830, institutions were inefficient and prone to activity we would understand as corruption. However many of these nominally corrupt practices were in fact necessary to keep the state structures running, and furthermore were based on a system of codification and precedent seen as “perfect” – which naturally impeded reformist efforts.
Despite the historical focus of the paper, Graham provides three key insights: an historical example of how endemic corruption develops out of inadequate state structures, a differentiation of “mentalities” of corruption which can flourish without a well-defined anti-corruption consensus, and an account of why adherence to laws and customs alone can’t be viewed as incorrupt.
Posted at Apr 03, 2013 01:34 AM
- Anti-Corruption Datasets (5)
Government Defence Anti-Corruption Index (GI)
This Index is the first global analysis of corruption risk in defence establishments worldwide. We aim to give governments, armed forces, civil society and citizens the tools to avoid the dangers and inefficiencies that corruption in defence brings.
Each of the 82 countries was assessed by an independent researcher, using a questionnaire of 77 questions. The assessor scored each question from 0-4, and provided a narrative response to explain that score. These assessments were peer reviewed. We also invited the government to review their assessments and provide further information. Based on these assessments, each country was placed in a band, from A to F, and given scores in five risk areas: political, financial, personnel, operations, and procurement risk.
Posted at Jul 02, 2013 05:17 PM
Defence Companies Anti-Corruption Index
The purpose of this study is to provide solid data through which all defence companies can embed zero tolerance of corruption.
Transparency International UK (TI-UK) used readily available public information to assess companies against the 34 questions. The draft analysis was then sent to the company for comment: this was the company’s opportunity to guide TI-UK towards other publicly available information that may have been missed, and/or to provide additional internal information. The results of the assessments for companies based on public information are presented in our index.
Where companies provided internal information, TI-UK reviewed and discussed the documents with the company. The results of this exercise, showing the impact of this information, are presented separately.
Posted at Jul 02, 2013 03:43 PM
Where the Bribes Are Paid - Interactive Database
This interactive database compiles decades of data on violations and penalties under the Foreign Corrupt Practices Act, the U.S. flagship legislation that makes bribery of foreign officials a crime. Since its inception, prosecutors have penalized over 200 companies under the FCPA in about 80 countries, amassing about $4 billion in penalties. The database, called Where the Bribes are Paid , allows users to see how the total penalties amassed in each country break down by sector.
Posted at Nov 28, 2011 02:13 PM
2011 Bribe Payers Index
The Bribe Payers Index is a unique tool capturing the supply side of international bribery, specifically focussing on bribes paid by the private sector. The 2011 Bribe Payers Index is the fifth edition of the index, ranking 28 of the world’s largest economies according to the likelihood of firms from these countries to bribe when doing business abroad. It is based on the results of Transparency International’s 2011 Bribe Payers Survey. This asked 3,016 senior business executives in 30 countries around the world for their perceptions of the likelihood of companies, from countries they have business dealings with, to engage in bribery when doing business in the executive’s country. A sectoral ranking is also available which scores and ranks 19 sectors. The survey asked how often three different types of bribery were perceived to occur in each sector: firstly, bribery of low-ranking public officials; secondly, improper contributions to high-ranking politicians to achieve influence; and thirdly, bribery between private companies.
Posted at Nov 24, 2011 12:38 PM
Shadow economies all over the world: new estimates for 162 countries from 1999 to 2007
Three researchers from the World Bank have made a serious attempt to capture a country's "shadow economy" (as a percentage of GDP) for 162 countries over a 9 year period. In the paper listed below, they elucidate their methods for capturing this clandestine concept. The authors find signficant variation in the sample, as they find that developing countries have more than twice the level of a "shadow economy" of the 25 welathy, OECD countries in the sample, which they argue increases the burden of taxation and decreases the quality of public goods and services.
Posted at Aug 17, 2010 01:59 PM