Governing International Aid Flows for Security and Drug Trafficking in Central America
Topic: Aid Governance University Involved: NYU Wagner Graduate School of Public Policy Transparency International Chapter: TI-El Salvador and TI-Colombia Year: 2014
The purpose of this project is to identify corruption risks in the bilateral and multilateral international aid flows to support security and anti-drug-trafficking programmes in Central America.
The international aid for security anti-drug programs and initiatives has grown significantly over the past few years in Central America. The USA assigned this region $130 million to support these programs. In 2010, Honduras alone received $59,613,457, followed by $60,742,457 in 2011, $60,223,457 in 2012 and $65 million for special governmental projects. El Salvador obtained $1.212 million through 2014 from the international cooperation arena to support development projects, including security.
A recent study in Costa Rica shows that the allocation of more economical resources for public security institutions does not lead automatically to greater effectiveness in context of high levels of corruption and impunity, such as the Central American countries.
To ensure that these resources and programs achieve their objectives effectively it is crucial to strengthen transparency, accountability and anti-corruptions mechanisms in all phases of aid, starting from the moment it is committed and delivered, passing through the implementation of the projects and policies, and finally to the monitoring and reporting phases.
• Identification of corruption risks along the cycle of aid
• Specific recommendations to be used for advocacy work by our national chapter