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Research Article VCS/ICS calendar The Curious Case of Finland's Clean Politics
What makes Finnish politics cleaner than most countries? This paper examines Finland as a model of clean government, looking at the factors that contribute to the country’s governance achievements. It finds that key determinants of Finland’s clean politics include factors such as social trust, civic activism as well as transparency and accountability mechanisms.
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Research Article Drafting Implementing Regulations For Anti-Corruption Conventions in Central Europe And The Former Soviet Union
Why has the adoption of the international anti-corruption conventions had only a limited impact on reducing corruption in Central and Eastern European countries? This article examines this question using a novel approach combining law and economics, and in particular the author focuses on how to write anti-corruption regulations to improve their effectiveness.
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Research Article text/texmacs Empirical Studies on Informal Patient Payments for Health Care Services: A systematic and critical review of research methods and instruments
This article contains the first systematic review of empirical studies on informal patient payments published in English. The article uses 31 empirical studies and the data sources include the following databases: Econlit, Econpapers, Medline, PubMed, ScienceDirect, SocINDEX. The publications were analysed qualitatively, and the main objective of the review was to outline the research designs of the analysed studies. The article provides systematised information on the sample characteristics, data collection modes and research instruments used in the analysed studies. On the basis of their analysis, the authors also discuss how their findings could be used for research purposes in the future.
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Research Article Strategies to address informal payments for health care
This recent volume published by the European Observatory on Health Systems and Policies provides a systematic analysis of different aspects of health financing reforms that have been implemented in the last 20 years in so-called transition countries of Central and Eastern Europe, Caucasus and Central Asia. The chapter by Gaal et al. is particularly interesting for anti-corruption researchers because the authors make an attempt to provide a comprehensive comparative analysis of the countries’ experiences in addressing the problem of informal payments for health care.
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Research Article D source code Perceptions of Political Party Corruption and Voting Behaviour in Poland
In this article the authors investigate the influence of perceptions of corruption of individual parties on voting behaviour. They focus on party politics in Poland, using a five-wave Polish Panel Survey (POLPAN), to construct a party choice model that helps establish the extent to which voters are influenced by the overall and individual levels of party corruption to vote. Their research addresses voter intention and voter choice.
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Research Article Nations in Transit 2011
In June 2011, Freedom House released a new edition of its report ‘Nations in Transit’, providing a comparative assessment of democratic developments, including a measure of the incidence of corruption in twenty nine countries across three categories: the new European Union (EU) Member States, the Balkans and non-Baltic Former Soviet States.
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Research Article Octet Stream Trends in Corruption and Regulatory Burden in Eastern Europe and Central Asia
The 2011 World Bank study on ‘Trends in Corruption and Regulatory Burden in Eastern Europe and Central Asia’ assesses levels and trends in corruption and the administrative burden of government regulation on private firms. It is largely based on data covering over 11,000 firms in 29 countries in Europe and Central Asia (ECA) collected in 2008 and 2009 in the Business Environment and Enterprise Performance Surveys (BEEPS). This study provides an update on the progress made by ECA countries since 2005 in combating corruption, extends the analysis on corruption and regulatory burden on firms presented in the BEEPS reports, and provides comparative analysis of ECA countries to similar countries outside of the region using the World Bank enterprise surveys and other sources of data.
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Research Article Octet Stream Corruption in Procurement and Shadow Campaign Financing: Evidence from Russia
Using "wiki-leaked" data, the authors Mirnov and Zhuravskaya investigate the relationship between public procurement and political corruption in Russia. By examining bank transfers during the pre-election period the authors find evidence of abnormally high rates of transfer out of firms that benefit from public procurement contracts, compared to firms that do not. This study is one of the first to engage in-depth econometric analysis and causality investigation using WikiLeaks data. It also contributes to the recent strand of empirical literature that attempts to provide systematic evidence of corruption using objective, rather than perception-based, measures.
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Research Article Pathologies of Europeanisation. Fighting Corruption in the Southern Caucasus.
In this paper, the authors analyse the efficacy of the European Union (EU) policy to promote good governance outside its borders, looking in particular at the EU’s efforts to support the fight against corruption in the post-Soviet countries in the Southern Caucasus region. The paper’s main argument is that although the EU managed to induce some formal institutional changes, its policy mainly helped to stabilise rather than change the existing regimes across these countries. Moreover, the authors argue that the Europeanisation of domestic structures within the post-Soviet countries can have opposite effects to what the EU intended to achieve with its policy. To illustrate such pathologies of Europeanisation, the paper discusses the experiences of three countries in the region: Armenia, Azerbaijan and Georgia. The paper shows that despite the high costs and limited incentives for change, all three countries responded to the EU’s demands by introducing similar institutional changes. However, rather than combating corruption systematically, the governments of these countries only implemented required anti-corruption policies selectively, often using them to undermine political opponents and consolidate the existing power structures.
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Research Article Octet Stream How Do Patient Characteristics Influence Informal Payments for Inpatient and Outpatient Health Care in Albania
This study represents one of the first attempts to make an empirical assessment of the three major theories that have been advanced to date explaining the phenomenon of informal payments for healthcare - the cultural model (informal payments as one of the expressions of the ‘culture of gifts’), economic model (informal payments as the result of a gap between demand and supply), and, what the authors call, governance model (informal payments as the result of a lack of control and accountability of healthcare systems). Using Albania as a case study, the authors demonstrate that that the cultural explanatory model appears to be substantially weaker than the economic and the governance ones.
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