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Blog Entry Niklas Kossow
Institution(s): Hertie School of Governance Research Field: social media and corruption
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Research Article Perceptions of corruption in Sweden
Sweden is consistently ranked among global indices as one of the least corrupt countries in the world. However, there is little research on perceptions of corruption in low risk countries. This paper explores perceptions of corruption in Sweden in order to fill this knowledge gap with a focus on how citizens define corruption, moral judgments on corruption, and the perceived spread of corruption.
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Research Article Inspiration, Coalition, and Substitution: External Influences on Postcommunist Transformations
Jacoby reviews several studies on the effects of external influences on institutional reforms in postcommunist societies. He argues that outsiders do best when they act as the glue that binds together the domestic players that share their reform preferences. This finding has substantial relevance for governance reformers and analysts. It helps critically consider bounded, but actionable expectations about external actors’ means and potential.
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Research Article The Civil Law Consequences of Corruption
This book views the fight against corruption through the lens of civil law and initiates a discussion on how its instruments can contribute. International organizations and national laws have so far chosen criminal law as their primary weapon when dealing with corrupt cases. Nonetheless, the deterrent effect of criminal law has its limitations; only a limited number of cases end up before criminal courts whereas criminal sanctions may not adequately deter the payment of bribes that promise lucrative gains.
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Research Article Private Commercial Bribery
This publication is the result of a collaboration between the International Chamber of Commerce and the Max Planck Institute for Foreign and International Criminal Law. Thirteen country reports examine the laws of private sector bribery with regards to criminal, civil and administrative measures. In terms of criminal law, the reports reflect the lack of a uniform and systematic approach to the phenomenon of private sector bribery. In contrast to the criminalization of bribery of public officials, the criminalization of private sector bribery is growing at a slower pace. There is no unanimity about the interests that criminal laws protect which range from corporate assets to free competition and loyalty in the employment relationship.
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Research Article Anti-corruption in the Health Sector: Strategies for Transparency and Accountability
Anticorruption in the Health Sector presents the experience of practitioners in tailoring anticorruption approaches specifically to the health sector.
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Research Article Corruption and productivity: firm level evidence from the BEEPS survey
Econometric analysis of the EBRD-World Bank Business Environment and Enterprise Performance Survey (BEEPS) data from a sample of countries in Central and Eastern Europe and Central Asia brings new evidence against the argument that bribery is a necessary evil to grease the wheels of commerce. Findings show that corruption has overall negative consequences on firm productivity.
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Research Article chemical/x-gaussian-log Measuring the scale and scope of cronyism – a fascinating study on Portugal
Cronyism – politicians for example awarding lucrative jobs in the public sector to their friends and allies – is a form of corruption that is suspected to be as widespread as it is difficult to measure. Anecdotal stories abound, but how prevalent really is it in a society?
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Research Article Clientelism and Political Recruitment in Democratic Transition
In this article, the authors identify legislative recruitment patterns as informational sources of clientelistic practices among political parties in new democracies. The authors create an original dataset using data on Romanian parliamentary representation to test their findings, which indicate the existence of considerable differences in legislative recruitment patterns in emerging and established democratic systems. Specifically, they find that parties develop particular clientelistic relationships with resource-rich constituencies, which result in high levels of parliamentary members with managerial backgrounds in resource industries. This finding deviates from practices found in Western European democracies, on which most of the literature and hypothesis testing is based, in that political parties heavily weigh their candidate selection decisions on the basis of elite managerial experience.
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Research Article Measuring Quality of Government and Sub-National Variation
In January, 2011, a report, funded by the EU Commission for Regional Development was published by several scholars at the Quality of Government Institute. In this study, new data was produced at the regional level for 172 NUTS ( Nomenclature of Territorial Units for Statistics) regions in the EU for 18 countries from a survey of 34,000 EU in which respondents were asked questions on the quality, impartiality and level of corruption in three key public sector services: education, health care and law enforcement in their region. An index was generated from the survey data, and combined with several national level indicators from the World Bank Governance Indicators, the 'EU QoG Index' (EQI) is now freely available for researchers interest in investigating aspects of governance and corruption at the sub-national level within the EU. On top of the quantitative data provided in the report, 10 qualitative cases studies were also done in several countries/regions with wide within-country variation, such as Italy, Spain and Belgium, where the authors detail several key common institutional charactoristics found in high/low performing regions.
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