Latest in Anti Corruption Research
How Context Matters for Development Effectiveness - A Study into Social Norms and Heterogeneous Impacts How can we use social norms better to make anti-corruption interventions more effective? Thomas de Hoops’ PhD Thesis on How context Matters for Development Effectiveness argues that the influence of social norms on development programmes should not only be acknowledged, but analysed as such. His work suggests interesting implications for thinking anti-corruption initiatives.
Filed under: Aid and Humanitarian Assistance, Developement Assistance, Global, Africa, Latin America and the Carribbean, Asia Pacific, Comparative Analysis
Quality of Government and Corruption from a European Perspective In this book, the authors tackle the concept of ‘Quality of Government’ (QoG) both conceptually and empirically and apply their focus to EU countries and regions.
Filed under: Europe and Central Asia, Anti-Corruption Institutions, Empirical Data Analysis, Comparative Analysis
Rooting Out Corruption or Rooting For Corruption? The Heterogeneous Electoral Consequences of Scandals Why do politicians involved in scandals avoid severe penalties in their re-election bids?
Filed under: Elections, Global, Europe and Central Asia, Anti-Corruption Institutions, Empirical Data Analysis
Open vs Restricted Procurement Auctions: Evidence from Regression Discontinuity Open or restricted procurement auctions ? In their recent article, Coviello, Guglielmo and Spagnolo make good use of the special opportunity offered by the Italian context to study the causal effects of open rather than restricted auction mechanisms.
When More Discretionary Power Improves Public Procurement Efficiency : An Empirical Analysis of Auctions with Negotiation and Reduction of Formalism In recent years, sealed-bid open auctions have come to be widely recognised as the most efficient contract awarding procedure. However, Chever and Moore argue that there is no clear empirical data to support the claim that such mechanisms yields more efficient results than alternatives like auctions with negotiations or less-formalised auctions.
Bribe-Taking and Bureaucratic Competition: A Search Cost Model of Corruption Does competition among bureaucrats reduce bribery ? Eugene Kiselev uses empirical data from local governments in Russia to determine whether more bureaucrats give businesses the opportunity to avoid corrupt officials. He argues, as a result, that higher competition leads to less frequent, but higher bribes, as corrupt bureaucrats tend to target companies for which costs of looking for a non-corrupt bureaucrat is too high.
Filed under: Local Government, Service Delivery, Transition Countries, Europe and Central Asia, Empirical Data Analysis
Political Connections and Firm Value: Evidence from the Regression Discontinuity Design of Close Gubernatorial Elections Drawing upon regression discontinuity method, this working paper investigates the role of political connections on firm values in the United States. The authors find evidence that firms connected with elected politicians do increase their value.
Filed under: Corporate Governance, Elections, Local Government, Political Corruption, Procurement, Service Delivery, North America, Empirical Data Analysis, Private Sector (General), Financial Markets
A Close Linkage between Corruption and Human Rights – Definition, Causes and Effects Most of the research conducted on the consequences and linkages of corruption has been in terms of political, and economical parameters. This article depicts the linkage between corruption and human rights.
Filed under: Human Rights, Political Corruption, Global, International Analysis, Private Sector (General)
Edmund Burke, the Warren Hastings Trial, and the Moral Dimension of Corruption This article examines the need to re-moralise corruption discourse in order to rally necessary support at both the elite and popular level to deal with systemic corruption. Using the example of the late eighteenth century trial of Warren Hastings (the first British Governor General of India) by Edmund Burke, Smith demonstrates that the self-conscious move away from moral questions in corruption scholarship has denied anti-corruption campaigners a powerful tool for mobilising civil society. By historicising various aspects of corruption, Smith is able to provide some intriguing answers about how to bring corrupt officials to account in a slightly unconventional manner. In particular he considers whether the reintroduction of morality into the corruption debate could embolden some non-traditional anticorruption agents such as community activists and religious leaders to spear-head grassroots campaigns.
Filed under: Political Corruption, Global, Europe and Central Asia, Anti-Corruption Laws, Citizen Initiatives, International Analysis
Public Sector Size and Corruption: Evidence from 290 Swedish Municipalities This research paper brings further insights to the existing literature probing corruption determinants. This paper proposes a new investigation of the relationship between government size and corruption extent, drawing upon data collected in 2007 from 290 Swedish municipalities. The authors found strong evidence of a negative correlation between total public expenditure and corruption, casting doubt upon the still dominant “public-choice” paradigm.
Filed under: Local Government, Political Corruption, Europe and Central Asia, Empirical Data Analysis, Qualitative Analysis, Single Country Analysis
Theories of change in anti-corruption work A tool for programme design and evaluation In this report, Jesper Johnsøn explores the Theory of change (ToC) approach as a method for improving the processes of project design, implementation, and evaluation. It can be used in designing overarching policies or specific programmes or projects, as well as in setting priorities within or between projects.
New Advances in Experimental Research on Corruption This Featured Research Article commissioned by the Anti-Corruption Research Network contains a rich collection of survey pieces on some of the most relevant issues relating to corruption research, edited by Danila Serra and Leonard Wantchekon. This multi-disciplinary research project provides an overview of this recent literature, combined with laboratory and field studies
Do Political Blogs Matter? Corruption in State-Controlled Companies, Blog Postings, and DDoS Attacks This working paper probes to what extent net-activism can influence corruption behavior in non-democracies. The authors analyse the impact of anti-corruption blog posts on the stock prices of state-controlled firms in Russia. Their research uncovers a negative correlation between stock prices and blog posts both in the short and medium term. Moreover, they provide evidence that the relationship between stock prices and blog posts is causal, using an instrumental variable and placebo tests.
Filed under: Corporate Governance, Civil Society, Judiciary, Media, Political Corruption, Transition Countries, Europe and Central Asia, Access to Information, Citizen Initiatives, New Media, Empirical Data Analysis, Single Country Analysis
Academic Collusion In his article, Kirill Titaev turns to a problem that is well-known to any lay Russian citizen - corruption and substandard quality in higher education. This problem is also familiar to many people living and studying in the countries of Central and Eastern Europe, Central Asia, as well as in a number of other developing countries, such as, India. The author limits the scope of his inquiry to a specific type of corrupt behaviour in universities - allowing students with little or no knowledge of a subject to pass exams, which often involves the practice of 'voluntary' bribes.
Filed under: Poverty, Transition Countries, Youth, Europe and Central Asia, Qualitative Analysis, Single Country Analysis, Education
Why Anticorruption Reforms Fail—Systemic Corruption as a Collective Action Problem This paper, ‘Why Anticorruption Reforms Fail—Systemic Corruption as a Collective Action Problem’ by Anna Persson, Bo Rothstein & Jan Teorell, asks one of the most important questions in anti-corruption research: why does corruption in countries plagued by systemic corruption prevail despite a large number of efforts to fight it? The authors provide a new and compelling answer, one which should redefine how anti-corruption research and programmes are undertaken in future.
Filed under: Anti-Corruption Institutions, Anti-Corruption Laws, Empirical Data Analysis, Qualitative Analysis, Comparative Analysis