Hong Kong exports roughly HK$30 billion each year in corruption to developing countries – particularly China. Such exports occur through Hong Kong’s exporters’ and investors’ likely bribery of foreign officials abroad.
Persistent systemic corruption: why democratisation and economic liberalisation have failed to undo an old evil
Dr. Christian von Soest examines the effects of democratisation and economic liberalisation on corruption by comparing Argentina, Venezuela, Indonesia, the Philippines, Kenya and Zambia, and then attempts to explain how democratisation and liberalisation have determined the levels of systemic corruption across those countries. In addition, he investigates how corruption may relate to clientelism and informal power concentration, which are perceived as types of personal rule according to Bratton ...
Whistleblowers, whistleblowing and whistleblower laws have been prominent lately in the news due to highly paid sums to whistleblowers (known as bounty awards), questions about the definition of the term whistleblower itself, and the range of protections for whistleblowers. Whistleblowing has proven to be an effective means of uncovering misconduct and is seen as one instrument to expose and fight corruption. A recent research article by Goel and Nelson focuses on the relationship between ...
Subsidiarity in Global Health Governance: 'Two Publics' and Defiance in the Global Fund's Operations in Uganda
Public-private institutions such as the Global Fund to fight Aids, Tuberculosis and Malaria (GFATM) are relatively new on the development scene. The GFATM in particular has sought to institutionalize accountability, transparency and open dialogue since it was founded in 2003. In this way, and by involving recipient countries in top-level decision making, it has attempted to tackle specific health issues. While the GFATM has largely succeeding in securing provision of medicines to developing ...
This paper examines attitudes, or “mentalities”, towards corruption in early modern England. Graham argues that modern definitions of corruption as transgression and contrary to public good are not necessarily applicable to England in the period before 1830. Indeed in the era of state formation 1660-1830, institutions were inefficient and prone to activity we would understand as corruption. However many of these nominally corrupt practices were in fact necessary to keep the state structures ...
Petty corruption is a wide spread phenomenon familiar to almost everyone living in the post-communist countries of Central and Eastern Europe. More than twenty years after the beginning of the “transition”, the problem remains pervasive and represents a serious threat to socio-economic equity in these societies. This situation indicates the need to develop new analytical approaches, something that David Jancsics attempts to do in this paper.
Drawing upon the Russian Longitudinal Monitoring Survey, Zhuravleva proposes a groundbreaking method to proxied corruption. The author uncovered a counterintuitive living standards gap between workers from the public and private sectors. Deploying a convincing set of evidence, Zhuravleva draws the conclusion that the observed gap results from unreported income within the public sector, most likely due to corruption activities.
When do anticorruption policies succeed? Stories from six countries.
This paper examines whether countries with higher income levels are likely to be less corrupt. While both income and corruption are highly correlated, existing research has not established causation in either direction.
Robert Klitgaard, one of the prominent anti-corruption scholars, offers a thorough insight on the problems of development faced by some of the world’s poorest states. Corruption is found to be a common barrier for societal progress.
The relationship between aid and corruption is rather complex, one that involves a range of dynamics that define their interaction. In Does Corruption Cause Aid Fatigue? Monika Bauhr and Naghmeh Nasiritousi develop a valuable research paper which evaluates the aid-corruption paradox in the light of the inquiry: “Does perceived corruption in recipient countries reduce support for foreign aid in donor countries?”
Is Party Patronage still relevant in Contemporary Europe? A comparative research on patterns of public employment in 15 EU member states. Who, Why, and Where selection of bureaucratic personnel is ruled by patronage.
Assuming a downward bias within survey-based estimates of corruption, the authors develop a model of the interview process in order to estimate the prevalence of reticent behavior when answering such sensitive questions as corruption acts. The authors used the World Bank Enterprise Survey (Peru 2010) and the Gallup World Poll (Asia) unveiling robustness hazards within survey-based corruption measurement. The authors then suggest the use of reticence-adjusted estimates to provide a more accurate ...
Drawing upon an extensive range of statistical data, this report examines the extent of corruption across the European Union (EU). It makes a strong case that corruption is a central factor contributing to the economic crisis and preventing the potential recovery from it.
Identifying Corruption Risks in Defence and Security:Empirical Evidence Using the Government Defence Anti-Corruption Index
This Working Paper by Oliver Cover and Saad Mustafa raises the question of using of sector specific typologies for better conceptualizing corruption. Through comparing data from the corruption risks typology and indicators developed for Transparency International UK’s Defence and Security Programme, the authors ask whether analysing these elements compiled with the help of practitioners helps better understanding the concept of corruption in the defence sector than theoretical debates.