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The following article is an overview of three interesting areas in which Social Network Analysis methodology is helping to disentangle corruption networks and investigate accountability systems. It concludes with an analysis of some of the challenges and opportunities of applying SNA techniques to anti-corruption research.
Gender inequality and corruption are closely inter-linked. Gender inequalities undermine good governance, sustainable growth, development outcomes and poverty alleviation. Where countries have made advances in women’s empowerment and gender equality, they have witnessed lower levels of corruption over time.
After almost 3 years of research, interviews and practical testing with partner organizations Egypt and Nigeria, this Practitioner Handbook consolidates the main findings of the Humboldt-Viadrina School of Governance initiative on anti-corruption sanctions and incentives for business
The question the authors ask in this paper is whether and how much accountability can be improved when relying on an ex-post mechanisms that generates new information through a direct verification procedure and through a simple communication game that captures basic features of social accountability mechanisms encountered in reality.
These study of 111 CEOs and owners of companies operating in Russia showed the ineffectiveness of universalistic top-down anti-corruption strategies at the firm level and tested a practical, bottom-up approach.
Abstract: The initial paragraphs of this article outline the broad themes of this special section, drawing attention to changing perceptions and definitions of corruption and to corruption prevention practices in Greater China. The remainder of the article focuses on a particular theme: the relationship between conflicts of interest and corruption in both theoretical terms and in its application in mainland China.
Abstract: India is a country characterized by a huge informal sector. At the same time, it is a country where the extent of corruption in every sector is remarkably high.
Abstract: While northeastern Asian economies have grown at a stellar rate over the past 4 decades, during the same period, bank officials and financial market participants have been charged with corruption, nepotism, and government meddling and have incurred high levels of non-performing loans.
Abstract: This book offers a different perspective, investigating the crucial role of contrasting ideologies informing accountability movements and mediating reform directions in Southeast Asia.
Abstract: This paper shows why corruption is especially difficult to detect under China’s system of decentralized authoritarian rule, which I call a “rule of mandates.”
Hong Kong exports roughly HK$30 billion each year in corruption to developing countries – particularly China. Such exports occur through Hong Kong’s exporters’ and investors’ likely bribery of foreign officials abroad.
Persistent systemic corruption: why democratisation and economic liberalisation have failed to undo an old evil
Dr. Christian von Soest examines the effects of democratisation and economic liberalisation on corruption by comparing Argentina, Venezuela, Indonesia, the Philippines, Kenya and Zambia, and then attempts to explain how democratisation and liberalisation have determined the levels of systemic corruption across those countries. In addition, he investigates how corruption may relate to clientelism and informal power concentration, which are perceived as types of personal rule according to Bratton ...
Whistleblowers, whistleblowing and whistleblower laws have been prominent lately in the news due to highly paid sums to whistleblowers (known as bounty awards), questions about the definition of the term whistleblower itself, and the range of protections for whistleblowers. Whistleblowing has proven to be an effective means of uncovering misconduct and is seen as one instrument to expose and fight corruption. A recent research article by Goel and Nelson focuses on the relationship between ...
Subsidiarity in Global Health Governance: 'Two Publics' and Defiance in the Global Fund's Operations in Uganda
Public-private institutions such as the Global Fund to fight Aids, Tuberculosis and Malaria (GFATM) are relatively new on the development scene. The GFATM in particular has sought to institutionalize accountability, transparency and open dialogue since it was founded in 2003. In this way, and by involving recipient countries in top-level decision making, it has attempted to tackle specific health issues. While the GFATM has largely succeeding in securing provision of medicines to developing ...
This paper examines attitudes, or “mentalities”, towards corruption in early modern England. Graham argues that modern definitions of corruption as transgression and contrary to public good are not necessarily applicable to England in the period before 1830. Indeed in the era of state formation 1660-1830, institutions were inefficient and prone to activity we would understand as corruption. However many of these nominally corrupt practices were in fact necessary to keep the state structures ...
Petty corruption is a wide spread phenomenon familiar to almost everyone living in the post-communist countries of Central and Eastern Europe. More than twenty years after the beginning of the “transition”, the problem remains pervasive and represents a serious threat to socio-economic equity in these societies. This situation indicates the need to develop new analytical approaches, something that David Jancsics attempts to do in this paper.
Drawing upon the Russian Longitudinal Monitoring Survey, Zhuravleva proposes a groundbreaking method to proxied corruption. The author uncovered a counterintuitive living standards gap between workers from the public and private sectors. Deploying a convincing set of evidence, Zhuravleva draws the conclusion that the observed gap results from unreported income within the public sector, most likely due to corruption activities.
When do anticorruption policies succeed? Stories from six countries.
This paper examines whether countries with higher income levels are likely to be less corrupt. While both income and corruption are highly correlated, existing research has not established causation in either direction.
Robert Klitgaard, one of the prominent anti-corruption scholars, offers a thorough insight on the problems of development faced by some of the world’s poorest states. Corruption is found to be a common barrier for societal progress.