Hot off the press
Investigating the Causal Relationships between Causes of and Vulnerabilities to Corruption in the Chinese Public Construction Sector
Understanding relationships between causes of and vulnerabilities to corruption are essential in corruption research in construction because it addresses the fundamental issues of the widespread corruption in the public construction sector. Through an empirical survey, this study aims to investigate effects of the two causes of corruption, the flawed regulation systems and lack of a positive industrial climate, on five various kinds of corrupt vulnerabilities in China.
Constitutional Courts after the Arab Spring: Appointment mechanisms and relative judicial independence
The Constitutional Transitions Clinic ‘back office’ is preparing a series of thematic, comparative research reports on issues in constitutional design that have arisen in the Middle East and North Africa.
Abstract: According to the European Union Treaties, the European Central Bank (ECB) is accountable to the European Parliament. In practice, this accountability takes mainly the form of a quarterly Monetary Dialogue between the president of the ECB and the European Parliament Economic and Monetary Affairs committee.
Abstract: The rating agencies, at the center of the recent financial scandal, were a critical piece of the winning alternative to the Chicago Banking Plan. They were called upon as experts to certify what bonds were prudent for the federally-insured commercial banks to hold. The temptation to bias this certification was well understood at the time and sophisticated steps were taken to attenuate the bias. Nonetheless, over time, the constraints went slack.
This paper examines the compatibility of democratization and corruption in Ghana. It uses institutional explanations of unitarism and presidentialism as independent variables to explicate why the adoption of democratic government has not addressed the problem of corruption and the consequent inefficiencies in public sector management.
Breaking institutionalized corruption: Is the experience of the Hong Kong Independent Commission Against Corruption generalizable?
The literature on corruption has seldom analyzed how institutional changes and the management of anti-corruption agencies could affect the success in transforming a relatively corrupted society into a cleaner one. Using the institutional changes of Hong Kong after the establishment of its anti-corruption agency in 1974, this paper identifies the key changes in its institutional environment and the management of the agency that led to its success. It discusses the possibility that this ...
This handbooks seeks to provide an overview of the anti-corruption regimes in Asia Pacific. Each section features the key pieces of legislation and highlights how businesses operating in these countries should best deal with anti-corruption compliance. In the annexures 1 and 2 the main features of the US Foreign Corrupt Practices Act and the UK Bribery Act are covered, specifically in regard to their extended extraterritorial effect and possible implications for businesses in Asia Pacific.
Over the past three decades, African countries have been reforming their public sector with a view to improving efficiency, effectiveness, accountability and transparency as part of efforts to improve the delivery of public services. Reform actions have included privatisation, public/private partnerships, commercialisation and adoption of private sector approaches in managing public organisations.
Optimal fiscal policy depends on the marginal benefits of public spending. In developing countries corrupt officials often embezzle funds, so optimal policy should reflect marginal corruption. We analyze marginal corruption in the context of a statutory wage increase in India's employment guarantee scheme.
There have been few attempts to identify the way different perspectives of corruption are employed in Papua New Guinea (PNG). The paucity of such analysis makes it difficult to identify the way scholars and policy-makers understand corruption in the country, in turn leading to potentially poor targeting of anti-corruption programmes. This article categorises perspectives of corruption that are found in academic and policy accounts of PNG.
Bribes can either put "grease" or "sand" in the wheels of commerce, affecting firm performance (at the micro-level) and, ultimately, economic growth (at the macro-level). These two opposing hypotheses on the role corruption plays in countries with weak institutions raise an important empirical question. This study examines this issue using a unique and exceptionally rich dataset on over 2000 micro, small and medium scale enterprises (SMEs) in over thirty cities in the Philippines.
This article investigates the relationship between corruption and the newer proxies of democracy for African countries. The regression results suggest that countries that are relatively more democratic are also less corrupt. Of the different aspects of democracy examined, the functioning of government and political participation are found to be significantly correlated with corruption.
Corruption is the major scourge of governments in Africa. This paper answers three questions: what types of corruption are found more often within public procurement in Africa? What are the major determinants of corruption in public procurement and what are the major challenges for the fight against corruption in public procurement in Africa?
ACRN Research Correspondent Eugen Dimant highlights a new paper by Cooray and Schneider ‘Does Corruption Promote Emigration? An Empirical Examination’.
Abstract: During the past three decades, a large number of countries have introduced reforms to decentralize public decision making. Such reforms have proved controversial. Critics of these reforms argue that decentralized provision of infrastructure enhances vulnerability to corruption. Proponents of these reforms counter that corruption arises from lack of people empowerment and decentralization by bringing decision making closer to people shines sunlight on government operations and ...
Informal Interference in the Judiciary in New Democracies: A Comparison of Six African and Latin American Cases
Abstract This paper assesses the extent to which elected power holders informally intervene in the judiciaries of new democracies, an acknowledged but under‐researched topic in studies of judicial politics. Keywords: judicial politics, constitutional court, supreme court, Latin America, Francophone Africa, democratization, separation of powers, informal politics
Abstract: There are all too few examples of good urban governance in the ‘South’. One city which improved its performance dramatically after 1992 was Bogota´, the capital of Colombia. It joined the ranks of exemplar cities and its former mayors toured the world advertising this ‘miracle’. Unfortunately, after 2008, the city’s administration became mired in corruption and its image ratings have dived. Keywords: bureaucracy, corruption, decentralisation, politics, urban management
The Role of Social Accountability in Poverty Alleviation Programs in Developing Countries: An Analysis with Reference to Bangladesh
Abstract: In spite of different approaches being experimented over the past six decades, poverty alleviation programs in the developing world have largely failed to improve poverty situation. Of all the factors responsible for the growing trend of poverty, the accountability of public officials remains an intriguing one.
THE 2010 “AGREEMENT ON MUTUAL ENFORCEMENT OF DEBARMENT DECISIONS” AND ITS IMPACT FOR THE FIGHT AGAINST FRAUD AND CORRUPTION IN PUBLIC PROCUREMENT
ABSTRACT: A remarkable example of coordination between IGOs to deal with corruption and fraud in public procurement is the “Agreement for the Mutual Enforcement of Debarment Decisions” signed by the World Bank and the main regional Multilateral Development Banks (MDBs) in 2010.
Gender and Corruption: an annotated bibliography compiled by students of the School of International and Public Affairs, Columbia Univeristy
This annotated bibliography compiled by Lily Brent, Akanit Horatanakun and Maha Syed from SIPA at Columbia University briefly discusses 15 leading articles on the relationship between Gender and Corruption.