Hot off the press
Peer behavior influences the readiness to bribe, highlighting the importance of mutual trust and collective action for rooting out corruption. This study provides clear evidence for this claim that is often posited, but rarely backed up with data. Interviews with top executives from firms in emerging countries confirm that a company is more likely to resort to corruption, if its competitors already adopt corrupt practices.
Using business survey data to analyze firm-level determinants and effects of political influence and bribe paying , this paper finds that strong, established firms tend to focus their influence on shaping laws and regulations in their favour, whereas weaker firms are more prone to use bribery to circumvent rules and regulations.
This book examines the rise and implications of two new kinds of “integrity warrior” - official anti-corruption agencies (ACAs) and anti-corruption NGOs, through a number of case studies including Taiwan and South Korea, south east Europe, Fiji, Russia and the Baltic states. It provides valuable insight into anti-corruption strategies, policies and groups.
Since the mid-nineties, donors have placed increasing emphasis on anti-corruption efforts in aid, but what are the results so far? This literature review commissioned by NORAD provides some answers to this question. It finds that there are few evident successes, and the results of specific anti-corruption efforts have been limited.
Bribery in business is only part of the picture of private sector corruption. Other corrupt practices, such as corporate fraud, cartels and undue influence on public policy, work as destructive forces that undermine fair competition, stifle economic growth and ultimately undercut companies’ own existence. Featuring analysis of more than 80 experts, Transparency International’s 2009 Global Corruption Report lays bare these and other corruption challenges that cut across countries and industries, ...
In his latest book, Jean Cartier-Bresson analyses the political economy of corruption and governance, looking at the malfunctioning exchanges between public authorities and private actors. He finds that in order to improve the necessary collaboration between the state and social actors in developed or developing countries, four questions need to be answered: 1) how to define and measure governance and corruption; 2) what are the underlying causes of these phenomenon; 3) what are their economic ...
How can the great variation in the level of social trust in different countries be explained? Bo Rothstien and Daniel Eek grapple with the causal mechanisms of this variation by building on theories that point to the importance of trustworthy governmental institutions for creating social trust. They conducted parallel experiments in two countries where the levels of corruption and social trust are very different – Sweden and Romania. In both cases they found that trust in authorities influences ...
Revolving Doors, Accountability and Transparency - Emerging Regulatory Concerns and Policy Solutions in the Financial Crisis
The financial crisis has given rise to a great debate on the role of regulation in banking and financial services sectors. This report examines the phenomenon of the ‘revolving door’ - the implications and consequences of public servants moving to the private sector and of people moving from the private sector into the public sector either in government or regulatory agencies. Their analysis finds that tackling the revolving door is an indispensable part of the process of restoring confidence ...
How transparent and accountable are national budgeting processes around the world? With the Open Budget Index 2008 and the accompanying report, the Open Budget Survey 2008, the International Budget Partnership undertook a comprehensive evaluation of budget transparency in 85 countries. They found that eighty percent of the world’s governments fail to provide adequate information necessary to hold them accountable for managing public money.
Transparency in Reporting on Anti-Corruption – A Report of Corporate Practices (TRAC) adds an important new dimension in measuring the supply side of corruption. It assesses the extent to which some 500 leading global companies report on the strategy, policies and management systems they have in place for combating bribery and corruption. It finds that most companies fall short of meeting stakeholder expectations of transparency in anti-bribery and corruption reporting.
This report breaks important new ground by taking on the considerable conceptual and methodological difficulty of providing a global estimate of illicit financial flows out of developing countries. It estimates that illicit financial flows from developing countries to developed countries averaged between US$ 612 bn and US$ 716 bn per year from 2002 to 2006, and increased steadily over that 5-year period to culminate to between US$ 859 billion and US$ 1,056 billion in 2006.
The Global Integrity Report is a tool for understanding governance and anti-corruption mechanisms at the national level. Utilising a network of in-country researchers and journalists, the report provides both quantitative data and qualitative reporting on the health of a country's anti-corruption framework. The 2008 report found that for the third consecutive year, poor regulation over political financing remains the most critical governance challenge around the world, with the vast majority of ...
The only worldwide public opinion survey on perceptions and experience of corruption, the Global Corruption Barometer provides information on the extent of corruption across government and private sector institutions based on the responses of ordinary people, supplementing the views of experts presented in other surveys. The 2009 Barometer interviewed 73,132 people in 69 countries and territories between October 2008 and February 2009.
In a very innovative approach to quantify grand corruption by the private sector, Faccio and Parsley analysed the correlation between the sudden death of politicans and the market value of companies headquartered in the politician’s hometown. Analysis of a worldwide sample reveals a market-adjusted 1.7% decline in the value of these companies after the death of the politician.
Kleptocratic Interdependence: Trafficking, Corruption, and the Marriage of Politics and Illicit Profits
How fundamentally new and different is “organized crime” in today's increasingly globalized world? How extensive are the ostensibly expanding links between international organized crime and domestic, state-based corruption, and how significant a threat do such links pose? And why, since conventional wisdom suggests corruption and criminality are most likely to thrive where governance is weakest, and border porosity greatest, are many of the world's most significant transnational criminal ...
In this very interesting paper the authors analyze the role of competition and corruption in global organised crime. The utilise an oligopoly model in which differentiated criminal organisations globally compete on criminal activities and engage in local corruption to avoid punishment.