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Research Article
19 Mar 2012

China’s ‘Institutional Turn’ Towards Integrity Management

This article focuses on the gradual ‘turn’ of China’s old campaign-style anti-corruption strategy towards a more institutionalised management of integrity. The Chinese public administration has suffered from years of rampant and accelerating corruption amid the frequent political campaigns and increasingly severe sanctions against corrupt officials. While admitting that controlling corruption has become more and more challenging due to the growing complexity of corruption modes and techniques, ...

Research Article
12 Mar 2012

From Islands of Integrity to Understanding the Politics of Corruption Reduction

Under what circumstances does a reduction in the patterns of corruption occur? To what extent is this associated with changing structural conditions, or with formal or informal institutional change, or with more effective implementation? To what extent can it be attributed to the role of individuals, organisations and coalitions that pursue and promote reform? How do such factors combine? Why have some public organisations or sectors seen a reduction in corruption (or a greater reduction than ...

Research Article
09 Mar 2012

Looking Beyond the Incumbent: The Effects of Exposing Corruption on Electoral Outcomes

The authors of this paper probe the effects of information about corruption on electoral outcomes, focussing on how availability of such information influences voter participation and support for opposition parties. Building on existing research that shows that access to information serves as a mean to hold politicians accountable, the authors posit that while information about political corruption may indeed reduce support for corrupt incumbents, in certain conditions, it is also likely to ...

Research Article
07 Mar 2012

Greasing the Wheels? The Impact of Regulations and Corruption on Firm Entry

Dreher and Gassebner use empirical research methods to analyse the impact of corruption on strictly regulated entrepreneurial activities. Ultimately, the paper examines whether corruption can grease the wheels of an economy and increase economic growth. It hypothesises that “Corruption increases firm entry rates in the presence of administrative barriers to entry.” The research spans 43 countries over the years of 2003-2005 using the Global Entrepreneurship Monitor (GEM). GEM mainly uses ...

Research Article
01 Mar 2012

The Effectiveness of Anti-Corruption Policy. What Has Worked, What Hasn’t, and What We Don’t Know

The conclusions of this study constitute an important contribution to a much needed discussion on the elements of a successful anti-corruption policy. Crucially, the study shows that in order to be effective, successful anti-corruption monitoring programmes have to meet two important requirements: firstly, they must be implemented by a party who seeks to reduce corruption, and secondly, they must be combined with a financial or non-financial incentive programme. In addition, the above study ...

Research Article
27 Feb 2012

Symmetric vs. Asymmetric Punishment Regimes for Bribery

This paper presents a behavioural experiment designed to test the decision-making process around bribery according to punishment strategies. This experiment was conducted in Bonn and Shanghai with 192 students. In the vein of behavioural economics, the authors designed a lab experiment to investigate the effect of punishment regimes on bribery behaviours. Observing that two types of legal frameworks coexist for penalizing bribery, the authors question their relative effectiveness in preventing ...

Research Article
23 Feb 2012

Predictable Corruption and Firm Investment: Evidence from a Natural Experiment and Survey of Cambodian Entrepreneurs

This paper tests a long-standing hypothesis that has achieved ‘assumption-like’ status in the literature without rigorous empirical validation, that the predictability of corruption is as important to firms as is the level of corruption. It also offers several methodological innovations in the measurement of corruption.

Research Article
20 Feb 2012

Activating Public Sector Ethics in Transitional Societies

In this paper Stevulak and Brown seek to demonstrate that an integrity-based approach holds the promise of fighting effectively against corruption and recalibrating the relationship between citizens and government in transitional societies. The authors explore compliance-based measures used by the former Soviet Union (FSU) countries when developing ethical public services and the reasons why these measures have shown considerable limitations. As the authors mention, all of the eight FSU ...

Research Article
20 Feb 2012

A Trio of Perspectives on Corruption: Bias, Speed Money and “Grand Theft Infrastructure”

Drawing upon the freshly expanded World Bank’s Enterprise Survey (ES), Kenny, Klein and Sztajerowska present an original paper examining three themes: corruption measurement pitfalls, corruption as efficient grease, and corruption in infrastructure. The Enterprise Survey now covers 125 countries and provides interesting insights, depicting an alternative picture from Transparency Internaional’s CPI or the World Bank’s Doing Business data – the latter portraying a de jure description of firm's ...

Research Article
17 Feb 2012

Appointing Top Officials in a Democratic Indonesia: The Corruption Eradication Commission

Democratisation has brought checks and balances, and new state agencies to Indonesian politics. Attempts to improve responsiveness to the public have also been made in the appointment processes for the senior management positions in these new bodies.

Research Article
16 Feb 2012

Transparency and Corruption: Evidence from India

Can freedom of information laws be harnessed by underprivileged members of society and used to obtain greater access to basic public goods that are otherwise attainable only through bribery? Drawing on a field experiment on access to ration cards among New Delhi’s slum dwellers, the authors show that India’s recently adopted freedom of information law is almost as effective as bribery in helping the poor to secure access to a basic public service.

Research Article
08 Feb 2012

Reducing informal payments in the health care system: Evidence from a large patient satisfaction survey

Drawing on the body of literature on the effects of providing information on reducing corruption, Mokhtari and Ashtari empirically test the argument about the importance of transparency of patients’ entitlements and service prices for reduction of informal payments for healthcare services. Taking Moldova as their case study and using 2008 Patient Satisfaction Survey as their data source, the authors test a multivariate logistic regression model assessing the importance of a wide range of ...

Research Article
07 Feb 2012

The “Production” of Corruption in China’s Courts – The Politics of Judicial Decision-Making and Its Consequences in a One-Party State

Despite its rampant presence, judicial corruption in China has often been regarded as idiosyncratically deviant behavior of a few black sheep eluding prescribed judicial conduct. This entrenched assumption has both discouraged in-depth investigation of the phenomenon of judicial corruption and inhibited a proper understanding of the functioning of China’s courts. Through an empirically grounded examination of how court rulings tainted by corruption are processed, this article found that ...

Research Article
31 Jan 2012

The Puppet Masters: How the Corrupt Use Legal Structures to Hide Stolen Assets and What to Do About It

Virtually all grand corruption cases involve a company, trust, or foundation (“corporate vehicles”) that has been created to conceal the beneficial owner’s identity. This report from the Stolen Asset Recovery initiative (StAR) of the World Bank and the UN Office on Drugs and Crime explores how government officials hide ownership and control of corrupt assets behind constructions of paper. It makes recommendations on measures governments can take to prevent the abuse of legal structures for the ...

Research Article
31 Jan 2012

Understanding Success and Failure of Anti-Corruption Initiatives

Understanding why initiatives designed to inhibit corruption fail or succeed has direct implications for further development of anti-corruption methodology and practices. In this paper, Heeks and Mathisen evaluate anti-corruption initiatives in developing countries to gauge the extent to which such initiatives have worked. They find that despite improvements in design methodology and implementation over the last two decades, the “design-reality” gap is still vast, frequently leading to full or ...

Research Article
25 Jan 2012

Political Polarization as a Constraint on Corruption: A Cross-National Comparison

In this paper the authors take a novel approach to understanding political corruption. They use panel data from a broad range of countries to support the theory that ideological polarisation can be used as a predictor of the perceived level of corruption within a country. Moreover, they claim that political polarisation itself can act as a constraint on corruption.

Research Article
23 Jan 2012

Exposing Corrupt Politicians: The Effects of Brazil's Publicly Released Audits on Electoral Outcomes

Abstract: This paper uses publicly released audit reports to study the effects of disclosing information about corruption practices on electoral accountability. In 2003, as part of an anti-corruption program, Brazil's federal government began to select municipalities at random to audit their expenditures of federally transferred funds. The findings of these audits were then made publicly available and disseminated to media sources. Using a data set on corruption constructed from the audit ...

Research Article
23 Jan 2012

Anti-Corruption Policy: Can International Actors Play a Constructive Role?

In this paper Susan Rose-Ackerman discusses what the ultimate goals of the international anti-corruption strategy ought to be and the most appropriate routes for maximising international influence in this area. First, the paper introduces the basic types of international actors involved in the area of anti-corruption. Second, the author moves on to discuss the crucial role of effective anti-corruption policies in achieving ultimate policy goals, which include aims such as efficient ...

Research Article
19 Jan 2012

Unwilling or Unable to Cheat? Evidence From a Tax Audit Experiment in Denmark

In a recent paper Kleven, Knudsen, Kreiner, Pedersen, and Saez study the extent of fiscal evasion and the impact of randomised audits on tax evasion in Denmark. They find that hardly any income subject to third party reporting is evaded, while income not reported by third parties is largely evaded. They conclude that it is not unwillingness but inability to evade that prevents more fraud.

Research Article
16 Jan 2012

Corporate Governance and Corruption: Ethical Dilemmas of Asian Business Groups

In this recent paper from the Journal of Business Ethics, the author explores the relationship between corporate governance and corruption in family-owned business groups in the Philippines. The study is based on 40 semi-structured interviews of elite business managers, academics, and government officials carried out in 2007.

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