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Research Article
25 Oct 2012

Academic Collusion

In his article, Kirill Titaev turns to a problem that is well-known to any lay Russian citizen - corruption and substandard quality in higher education. This problem is also familiar to many people living and studying in the countries of Central and Eastern Europe, Central Asia, as well as in a number of other developing countries, such as, India. The author limits the scope of his inquiry to a specific type of corrupt behaviour in universities - allowing students with little or no knowledge of ...

Research Article
08 Oct 2012

Why Anticorruption Reforms Fail—Systemic Corruption as a Collective Action Problem

This paper, ‘Why Anticorruption Reforms Fail—Systemic Corruption as a Collective Action Problem’ by Anna Persson, Bo Rothstein & Jan Teorell, asks one of the most important questions in anti-corruption research: why does corruption in countries plagued by systemic corruption prevail despite a large number of efforts to fight it? The authors provide a new and compelling answer, one which should redefine how anti-corruption research and programmes are undertaken in future.

Research Article
12 Sep 2012

New Advances in Experimental Research on Corruption

This edited volume provides a comprehensive review of the empirical evidence on corruption from recent laboratory and field experiments conducted by economists and political scientists. The first part of the volume reviews the evidence produced by laboratory experiments in relation to gender and cultural differences in corruption decision making, as well as the effectiveness of different anti-corruption policies. The second part of the volume reviews recent contributions to corruption research ...

Research Article
04 Sep 2012

Bribery in Health Care in Uganda

In this article the author examines the relationship between bribery and income in public and private health care systems in Uganda and whether people who bribe more receive better quality healthcare. In theory, if health care providers possess some degree of monopoly power they should price discriminate richer clients in order to extract larger bribes. This article shows that public hospitals in Uganda use price discrimination on bribes based on the client's income. On the other hand, private ...

Research Article
21 Aug 2012

Patronage and Decentralisation: The Politics of Poverty in India

In this study, the author attempts to explain the nature of patronage linkages at the sub-national level, using data from villages in Indian states. Sadanandan proposes a theoretical framework that examines linkages between varied levels of devolved governance and patronage politics. He tests his hypotheses using a unique subnational measure of patronage in India and finds support for his theoretical model.

Research Article
24 Jul 2012

A New Role for Citizens in Public Procurement - First publication of the Citizens & Markets Initiative

Even though very few countries worldwide have legislation explicitly allowing for procurement monitoring by civil society, citizens around the globe are increasingly eager to enter public procurement processes. A significant amount of public funds in almost every country is spent on acquiring goods and services through public procurement. Procurement of goods, works and services by public entities alone amounts on average to between 15 and 30 percent of gross domestic product (GDP). Given that ...

Research Article
13 Jul 2012

Identification and Quantification of the Proceeds of Bribery

This study conducted by the OECD and the World Bank analyses the identification and quantification of the proceeds of active bribery in international business transactions. Active bribery is defined as the “…criminal offence committed by paying, offering or promising a bribe or an undue advantage to an official”. The authors contend that while international efforts thus far has put a lot of emphasis on quantifying the amount of bribe, its financial equivalent, and even the indirect proceeds ...

Research Article
05 Jul 2012

Corruption, Global Security, and World Order

Corruption is a human condition and an ancient phenomenon. From the beginnings of civilisation, public notables have abused their offices for personal gain while citizens have sought advantage by corrupting those holding power. Today, global security is threatened as never before by fiscal uncertainty, competition and mutual suspicion among world powers, nuclear proliferation, terrorism, and tyranny. This book reveals corruption to be at the very center of these global threats and proposes a ...

Research Article
05 Jul 2012

Experiments in Culture and Corruption, a Review

This literature review focuses on the interactions observed during lab experiments, between culture – understood as trust, religiosity, institutional arrangement, value, norms or moral – and corruption behaviors. We can describe these lab experiments as role-playing games, simulating social interactions, allowing researchers to observe people’s behavior within a controlled environment. Lab experiments in this area blossomed with the development of experimental economics pioneered by Edward ...

Research Article
29 Jun 2012

On the Relationship between Corruption and Migration

This paper argues that there exists a relationship between corruption and migration. In particular, countries with high corruption are expected to encourage emigration and discourage immigration. This hypothesis is tested empirically with a panel dataset of 38 European and OECD economies over a period of 16 years. The results show that low levels of corruption increase the net flow of people, on average, and vice versa. To test the robustness of the results, an extreme bounds analysis is done, ...

Research Article
21 Jun 2012

Safety-net Benefits Conferred on Difficult-to-Fail-and-Unwind Banks in the US and EU before and during the Great Recession

In this paper Carbo-Valverde, Kane, and Rodriquez-Fernandez use multiple regression models to perform a cross-country analysis on how well different countries’ safety-net managers performed their duties in balancing the interests of bankers and the taxpayers. The research looks at 15 countries (14 European and the US) from the years 2003 to 2008.

Research Article
31 May 2012

Neither Commodities nor Gifts: Post-Socialist Informal Exchanges in the Romanian Healthcare System

Building on the works of prominent anthropologists such as K.Verdery, M. Rivkin-Fish, M. Burawoy, etc. who in the past twenty years have shed light on the nature of informal relations in the post-socialist context, anthropologist S. Stan approaches the problem of informal payments for healthcare in the post-socialist Romania from the political economy perspective.

Research Article
23 May 2012

Firm-Level Corruption in Vietnam

In the article, ‘Firm-Level Corruption in Vietnam’, which has recently been published in the journal Economic Development and Cultural Change, the authors offer new insight into understanding the nature of bribe-paying behaviour in Vietnam. The study is based on an econometric panel dataset that surveys 1,659 small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) in ten provinces in 2005 and 2007. The article suggests that the magnitude of bribery in Vietnam is related to differences in firm-level ...

Research Article
23 May 2012

Corruption: Democracy, Autocracy, and Political Stability

In this paper Nur-tegin and Czap's pose the question: does democracy, even in the case of newly established or unstable ones, provide more incentives for controlling corruption compared to stable dictatorships?

Research Article
04 May 2012

Electoral Accountability and the UK Parliamentary Expenses Scandal: Did Voters Punish Corrupt MPs?

The 2009 UK expenses scandal brought to light the scope of MPs’ use of their allowances and has led to public outrage regarding the politicians’ abuse of power. In this study, Eggers and Fisher examine voters’ electoral response to revelations of corruption, employing four distinct measures of corruption implications. Their results show that electoral outcomes were affected by the expenses scandal during the course of the 2010 general election; however, the intuitive predictions do not ...

Research Article
17 Apr 2012

The Marginal Rate of Corruption in Public Programs

In this article Niehaus and Sukhantankar study the effects of corruption on the scaling up of a large rural welfare program. They ask the following question: for every dollar added to an existing welfare program how much will end up in the pockets of state officials?

Research Article
16 Apr 2012

The Rule of Law in Independent Kosovo

The latest International Crisis Group report reviews the state of the police and courts in the young Balkan state and recommends that the government, the European Union rule of law mission (EULEX) and the wider international community work to fight corruption, adopt needed legal reforms, recruit more judges and prosecutors and improve training. Key players should also address the particular weaknesses of law enforcement in Serb-held northern Kosovo by facilitating the appointment of Albanian ...

Research Article
16 Apr 2012

Implementing Financial Disclosure in Local Government: Content, Scope and Standardisation

According to Transparency International, "disclosure is to politics what financial statements are to business". How effective is the financial disclosure regime in South Africa, and what can be done to strengthen this potentially powerful tool? This policy brief is produced by the Governance and Corruption Division of the Institute for Security Studies (ISS). It is an output of a project which aims to manage and detect conflicts of interest in public life, thereby promoting transparency and ...

Research Article
10 Apr 2012

Corruption in Developing Countries

The past 10-15 years have seen an increase in anticorruption initiatives that are based on the belief that corruption may be reduced if proper incentives are implemented and focused towards politicians, bureaucrats, and civil society. These initiatives include, but are not limited to, the OECD Anti-Bribery Convention, the UN convention against corruption, strengthening World Bank Group engagement on governance and anti-corruption, and increased enforcement of the Foreign Corrupt Practices Act. ...

Research Article
21 Mar 2012

Need versus Greed Corruption

The paper ‘Why Pay Bribes? Collective Action and Anti-Corruption Efforts’ by Monika Bauhr & Naghmeh Nasiritousi, makes an important contribution to the literature on corruption by drawing a new distinction between different kinds of corruption: need and greed. While most existing typologies and measures of corruption focus on the scale of corruption, this paper emphasizes its character, and in particular, the basic motivations for engaging in corruption in the first place. Need corruption ...

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