ACRN - Anti-Corruption Research Network
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There is a well-known, significant negative correlation between trust in public institutions and corruption. Using Gallup World Poll’s data, this paper moves towards tracing the causal linkage and finds evidence for corruption eroding public trust. The paper further suggests that lack of trust in public institutions can directly inhibit country development through reduced political participation, increased emigration, and a higher tolerance for political violence.
Contextualizing conceptions of corruption: Challenges for the international anti-corruption campaign
A series of recent critics contested the underlying concepts and theoretical assumptions of the global anti-corruption community, questioning the legitimacy of the anti-corruption norm, the difficulty of defining and measuring corruption, etc. This literature review organises and discusses critical commentary on the theoretical assumptions, methodology and legitimacy of the anti-corruption movement, providing food for thought that could help strengthen and improve the efficacy of theory.
The vast majority of European lobbyists acknowledge that more transparency is required for their industry, but differ on how to achieve this. This is one of the many insightful findings from this report that is built around a series of attitudinal surveys with lobbyists. Providing the most comprehensive picture to date of how the industry in Europe views regulation and efforts in self-regulation the authors also provide recommendations on how to link these two modes of raising integrity most ...
This paper examines the supply-side of corruption. The author argues that corporate governance is among the important factors determining the level of corruption. Using a cross-country dataset, the paper tests hypotheses that explicitly link various measures of corporate governance to the level of corruption. The results show that corporate governance standards can have profound impacts on the effectiveness of the global anti-corruption campaign.
Using data from the Bertelsmann Transformation Index for transition countries and the Sustainable Governance Indicators for OECD countries, this report analyses the countries’ capacities to respond to the economic crisis 2007-2009. For transition countries, a lack of these capacities is found to be strongly correlated to widespread corruption.
This paper examines how ex-government officials use the revolving door to cash in on the personal con- nections acquired during periods of public service. Lobbyists with past working experience in the office of a US Senator suffer an average 21% drop in generated revenue when that Senator leaves office. The effect is immediate, it is discontinuous around the exit period and it persists in the long-term.
Sweden is consistently ranked among global indices as one of the least corrupt countries in the world. However, there is little research on perceptions of corruption in low risk countries. This paper explores perceptions of corruption in Sweden in order to fill this knowledge gap with a focus on how citizens define corruption, moral judgments on corruption, and the perceived spread of corruption.
Customs services have long been viewed as particularly vulnerable to corruption. This study takes a closer look at the root causes for this. It finds that in many customs administrations, patronage networks based on kinship and community run deep and outflank formal rules. Based on these insights it is argued that integrity reforms need to pay more attention to local political economy, the incentives of key players and the role of informal institutions.
What explains the substantial variance of corruption levels perceived by citizens across Indian states? This paper examines a number of hypotheses and finds that the level of development – measured both in economic and educational terms – as well as the level of fiscal decentralisation are significantly correlated with lower levels of corruption. In contrast, other potential factors such as income inequality, religious fractionalization or the level of media exposure turn out to be ...
Peer behavior influences the readiness to bribe, highlighting the importance of mutual trust and collective action for rooting out corruption. This study provides clear evidence for this claim that is often posited, but rarely backed up with data. Interviews with top executives from firms in emerging countries confirm that a company is more likely to resort to corruption, if its competitors already adopt corrupt practices.